Bunions are an enlargement of the great toe or hallux joint of the foot are usually associated with a deviation in the angle of the big toe or hallux. The only real method of getting rid of bunions is by using surgery, although there are plenty of non-surgical alternatives that might be considered that can lead to some small improvement in the angle of the great toe or hallux which helps alleviate any symptoms which the bunion may have. They are more prevalent in women and more common in individuals who wear poorly fitting footwear. There's also a genetic element of bunions as well, but that is not really well understood.
What can be done to stay away from surgery? Bunion correctors are braces which can be generally used at night and are intended to fix the position of the big toe. They do generally aid at improving the angle of the toe several degrees after a month or so. These types of bunion splints also help to keep the toes mobile and might help to lower some of the symptoms that you could get in the joint. Also, exercises to stretch and keep the big toe joint flexible is additionally likely to help with the signs and symptoms, but it will possibly not make the lump go away nor improve the angle of the great toe or hallux. Quite often padding could be used to get the pressure of the bunion from the footwear. They are often frustrating to wear, but they are very beneficial if the shoe pressures on the lump is a part of the problem. Quite possibly the most important thing to do is to get the shoes fitted properly. The shoes have a significant part in creating the bunion and also advancing it faster when they don't fit correctly. Those that have bunions definitely do need to get out of the sort of shoes that would have led to the bunion and get wearing footwear which do not put pressure on the bunion.